ROBINSON, EDWARD°


ROBINSON, EDWARD°
ROBINSON, EDWARD° (1794–1863), U.S. Orientalist. In 1830, he was appointed professor of theology at Andover, and later taught in Boston and at the New York Theological Seminary. His travels to Egypt and Palestine in 1837 and 1852 resulted in Biblical Researches in Palestine (3 vols., 1841); Later Biblical Researches in Palestine (1857); and Physische Geographie des Heiligen Landes, published posthumously in 1865 (Physical Geography of the Holy Land, 1865). Robinson's travels initiated a new period of biblical research. He went straight to the Arab inhabitants of Palestine, noting the names of places and ruins preserved by them, and was thus able to identify correctly hundreds of forgotten biblical locations. As his archaeological training was insufficient, he was unable to identify a site correctly if it lacked an Arabic name. By leaving the beaten track of the pilgrims and examining early traditions, he shed new light on biblical topography. He was also openly critical of the topographical studies of Jerusalem and discovered important remains of the Third Wall. He was greatly aided in his researches by his assistant Eli Smith, a local missionary who was thoroughly acquainted with Arabic. Robinson discovered five of the six ruined cities in the Negev, identified Masada and transformed knowledge of biblical Palestine. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: H.B. Smith and Hitchcock, Life of E. Robinson (1863); J.A. Bewer, in: JBL, 58 (1939), 355–63; F. Abel, ibid., 365–72; A. Alt, ibid., 373–7; W. Stinespring, ibid., 379–87. (Michael Avi-Yonah)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • ROBINSON, EDWARD G. — ROBINSON, EDWARD G. (Emanuel Goldenberg, 1893–1973), U.S. actor. Born in Bucharest, Romania, Robinson was taken to the U.S. in 1903. He made his first New York appearance in 1913 and came to prominence in the 1920s with the Theatre Guild,… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Robinson,Edward G. — Robinson, Edward G. Originally Emanuel Goldenberg. 1893 1973. Romanian born American actor known for his portrayal of gangsters in motion pictures, including Little Caesar (1930). * * * …   Universalium

  • Robinson, Edward G. — orig. Emmanuel Goldenberg born Dec. 12, 1893, Bucharest, Rom. died Jan. 26, 1973, Hollywood, Calif., U.S. Romanian born U.S. film actor. He was raised in New York City s Lower East Side and won a scholarship to the American Academy of Dramatic… …   Universalium

  • Robinson, Edward — ▪ American scholar born April 10, 1794, Southington, Conn., U.S. died Jan. 27, 1863, New York, N.Y.       American biblical scholar, considered the father of biblical geography.       Robinson graduated from Hamilton College in 1816, taught… …   Universalium

  • Robinson, Edward G. — (1893 1973)    Born Emanuel Goldenberg in Bucharest, he immigrated with his family to the United States as a child and was educated at the City College of New York, Columbia University, and at the American Academy of Dramatic Arts. Robinson… …   The Historical Dictionary of the American Theater

  • Robinson, Edward G. — orig. Emmanuel Goldenberg (12 dic. 1893, Bucarest, Rumania–26 ene. 1973, Hollywood, Cal., EE.UU.). Actor de cine estadounidense de origen rumano. Se crió en un modesto barrio del lado este de Nueva York y más tarde obtuvo una beca para estudiar… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • ROBINSON, EDWARD —    Biblical scholar, born in Connecticut; author of Biblical Researches in Palestine ; a professor in New York (1794 1863) …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Robinson, Edward G. — pseud. di Goldenberg, Emanuel …   Sinonimi e Contrari. Terza edizione

  • Robinson, Edward Goldenberg — (1893 1973)    Born Emanuel Goldenberg to a Jewish family in Bucharest, Romania, Edward G. Robinson, as he was later known, came to the United States with his family in 1903. After attending high school in New York City, he enrolled in City… …   Historical Dictionary of the Roosevelt–Truman Era

  • Robinson, Edward G. (Emanuel Goldenberg) — (1893–1973)    US film actor. Short and thickset, Romanian born Robinson seemed typecast as a gangster. Little Caesar (1931) was the first of a long series of such parts, but he was successful later in other roles such as the investigator in… …   Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament